Section VI: Literature Cited


  1. Ulrich RS, Bogren L, Gardiner SK, & Lundin (2018). Psychiatric ward design can reduce aggressive behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 57, 53-66. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2018.05.002
  2. Shepley MM, Watson A, Pitts F, Garrity A, Spelman E, Fronsman A, & Kelkar (2016). Mental and Behavioral Health Environments: Measurement of Building Performance. Concord, CA: The Center for Health Design. Available at Accessed on October 15, 2018
  3. Urbanoski KA, Mulsant BH, Novotna G, Ehtesham S, & Rush (2013). Does the redesign of a psychiatric inpatient unit change the treatment process and outcomes? Psychiatric Services, 64(8), 804-807. doi: 10.1176/
  4. Celsus (1935 (orig. c. 38AD)). De Medicina (Spencer WG, Trans.). Spencer WG, trans. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  5. Redmond (2006). History of Psychiatry in Bexar County. Austin, TX: Morgan Printing.
  6. Boutillier CL, Mary Leamy, Bird VJ, Davidson L, Williams J, & Slade (2011). What does recovery mean in practice? A qualitative analysis of international recovery-oriented practice guidance. Psychiatric Services, 62(12), 1470-1476. doi: 10.1176/
  7. Simpson A, Coffey M, Hannigan B, Barlow S, Cohen R, Jones A, . . . Marlowe K. (2017). Cross-national mixed-methods comparative case study of recovery- focused mental health care planning and co-ordination in acute inpatient mental health settings (COCAPP-A). Health Services and Delivery Research, 5(26), 1-270. doi: 3310/hsdr05260
  8. Sisti DA, Sinclair EA, & Sharfstein (2018). Bedless psychiatry—rebuilding behavioral health service capacity. JAMA Psychiatry, 75(5), 417-418. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0219
  9. National Association of State Mental Health Program (2017, August). Trend in psychiatric inpatient capacity, United States and each state, 1970 to 2014. Series: What is the Inpatient Bed Need if You Have a Best Practice Continuum of Care? (#10). Alexandria, VA: NASMHPD. Available at Accessed on Novermber 21, 2018.
  10. Bastiampillai T, Sharfstein SS, & Allison (2016). Increase in US suicide rates and the critical decline in psychiatric beds. Journal of the American Medical Association, 316(24), 2591-2592. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.16989
  11. Sisti DA, Segal AG, & Emanuel (2015). Improving long-term psychiatric care: Bring back the asylum. Journal of the American Medical Association, 313(3), 243-244. doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.16088
  12. Bloom JD, Krishnan B, & Lockey (2008). The majority of inpatient psychiatric beds should not be appropriated by the forensic system. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online, 36(4), 438. See online:
  13. Mossman D, Noffsinger SG, Ash P, Frierson RL, Gerbasi J, Hackett M, . . . Zonana (2007). AAPL Practice guideline for the forensic psychiatric evaluation of competence to stand trial. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online, 35(Supplement 4), S3-S7. See online:
  14. Melton GB, Petrila J, Poythress NG, Slobogin C, Otto RK, Mossman D, & Condie (2017). Competence to proceed. In: Psychological Evaluations for the Courts. A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals and Lawyers (4th ed., pp. 121-160). New York: Guilford.
  15. Legislative Budget (2013). Use alternative settings to reduce forensic cases in the state mental health hospital system In: Texas State Government Effectiveness and Efficiency Report. Selected Issues and Recommendations (pp. 216-230). Austin, TX: Author. Available at: Accessed November 21, 2018.
  16. (2014, November). Analysis for the Ten-Year Plan for the Provision of Services to Persons Served by State Psychiatric Hospitals (SPHs). Austin, TX: Texas Department of State Health Services. Available at or Accessed on November 21, 2018.
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  19. Texas Health and Human (2017, August). A Comprehensive Plan for State- Funded Inpatient Mental Health Services. Available at…/comprehensive-inpatient-mental-health-plan-8-23-17.pdf. Accessed on November 21, 2018.
  20. House Select Committe on Mental (2016). Interim Report to the House of Representatives, 85th Texas Legislature. Austin, TX: Texas House of Representatives. Retrieved from
  21. Jenkins O, Dye S, & Foy (2015). A study of agitation, conflict and containment in association with change in ward physical environment. Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care, 11(1), 27-35. doi: 10.1017/S1742646414000065
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  23. Plemmons G, Hall M, Doupnik S, Gay J, Brown C, Browning W, . . . Williams (2018). Hospitalization for suicide ideation or attempt: 2008–2015. Pediatrics, 141(6), e20172426. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-2426
  24. Han B, Compton WM, Blanco C, Colpe L, Huang L, & McKeon (2018). National trends in the prevalence of suicidal ideation and behavior among young adults and receipt of mental health care among suicidal young adults. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 57(1), 20-27.e22. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2017.10.013
  25. Blader (2018). Suicidal thoughts and behaviors increased among young adults. Why? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 57(1), 18-19. doi:
  26. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (2018). Key Substance Use and Mental Health Indicators in the United States: Results from the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. (HHS Publication No. SMA 18-5068, NSDUH Series H-53). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Available at Accessed on December 21, 2018.
  27. La EM, Lich KH, Wells R, Ellis AR, Swartz MS, Zhu R, & Morrissey (2016). Increasing access to state psychiatric hospital beds: Exploring supply-side solutions. Psychiatric Services, 67(5), 523-528. doi: 10.1176/
  28. Treatment Advocacy (2016, September). Psychiatric Bed Supply Need Per Capita. Series: Background Papers. Arlington, VA: Author. Available at Accessed on November 21, 2018.
  29. Wik A, & Fisher (2018, August). Speaking different languages – Breaking through the differences in the perspectives of criminal justice and mental health stakeholders on competency to stand trial services: Part 1. Series: Bold Approaches for Better Mental Health Outcomes Across the Continuum of Care (#3). Alexandria, VA: National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors. Available at Accessed on November 21, 2018.
  30. Gillis A, Holoyda B, Newman WJ, Wilson MD, & Xiong (2016). Characteristics of misdemeanants treated for competency restoration. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 44(4), 442-450. doi:
  31. Gay JG, Ragatz L, & Vitacco (2015). Mental health symptoms and their relationship to specific deficits in competency to proceed to trial evaluations. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 22(5), 780-791. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2015.1013009
  32. Gay JG, Vitacco MJ, & Ragatz (2017). Mental health symptoms predict competency to stand trial and competency restoration success. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 22(2), 288-301. doi: 10.1111/lcrp.12100
  33. Mossman (2007). Predicting restorability of incompetent criminal defendants. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 35(1), 34-43. See online:
  34. Advokat CD, Guidry D, Burnett DM, Manguno-Mire G, & Thompson JW, (2012). Competency restoration treatment: differences between defendants declared competent or incompetent to stand trial. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 40(1), 89-97. doi:
  35. Kaufman AR, Way BB, & Suardi (2012). Forty years after Jackson v. Indiana: States’ compliance with “reasonable period of time” ruling. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 40(2), 261-265. See online:
  36. Office of Community Planning and (2015). The 2015 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress. Part 1: Point-in-time estimates of homelessness. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Washington, DC: Abt Associates. Retrieved from Accessed November 21, 2018.
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  41. Texas Administrative (2014) Rule §412.5: Local Mental Health Authority Responsibilities. Department of State Health Services 2014 (June 3, as revised). Available at:$ext.ViewTAC?tac_view=4&ti=25&pt=1&ch=412. (Accessed on November 21, 2018).
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  46. Texas Health and Human (2018, April). Report on Electroconvulsive Therapy for Fiscal Year 2017. Austin, TX: Author. Available at Accessed on November 21, 2018.
  47. Capital Healthcare (2018, March). Bexar County High Utilizer / Homeless Healthcare Analysis. San Antonio: Southwest Texas Crisis Collaborative. Available at–Homeless-Healthcare-Analysis. Accessed on November 21, 2018.
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